What is Artificial Intelligence

Authored By: Ankita Prajapati

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a rapidly growing field that has gained immense attention and investment in recent years.

AI refers to the ability of machines to perform tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as perception, reasoning, learning, and decision-making.

Learn the concepts with YourEngineer

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly growing field that involves the development of intelligent computer systems that can perform tasks that typically require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and natural language processing.

Basics of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence refers to the ability of machines to perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence. This includes tasks such as recognizing speech, understanding natural language, recognizing images, making decisions, and learning from data.

AI systems can be classified into two main categories: narrow or weak AI and general or strong AI.

Narrow or weak AI is designed to perform specific tasks and is only able to perform tasks for which it has been specifically programmed.

Examples of narrow AI include voice assistants like Siri and Alexa, recommendation systems used by Netflix and Amazon, and chatbots used by businesses for customer service.

General or strong AI, on the other hand, is designed to be able to perform any intellectual task that a human can perform. This type of AI is not yet fully developed and remains a topic of research.

How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

AI systems work by using algorithms and statistical models to analyze data, identify patterns, and make predictions or decisions.

These algorithms and models can be classified into four main categories:

  1. Supervised learning
  2. Unsupervised learning
  3. Reinforcement learning
  4. Deep learning.

Learn the concepts with YourEngineer

(a) Supervised learning: Supervised learning involves training an AI system on labeled data, where the input and output values are known. The algorithm learns to map the input to the output, and can then make predictions on new, unseen data.

This type of learning is used in applications such as image recognition, speech recognition, and natural language processing.

(b)Unsupervised learning: Unsupervised learning involves training an AI system on unlabeled data, where the input values are known but the output values are not.

The algorithm learns to identify patterns and relationships in the data, and can be used for tasks such as clustering, anomaly detection, and dimensionality reduction.

(c) Reinforcement learning: Reinforcement learning is a type of learning where an agent interacts with an environment to learn a behavior that maximizes a reward signal. The agent receives feedback in the form of rewards or punishments, and learns to take actions that lead to positive outcomes.

Reinforcement learning is used in applications such as game playing, robotics, and autonomous vehicles.

(d) Deep learning: Deep learning is a type of machine learning that involves training neural networks, which are modeled after the structure of the human brain.

Deep learning has been used for tasks such as image recognition, natural language processing, and speech recognition.


In conclusion, AI is a powerful technology that has the potential to transform the way we live and work. It relies on machine learning algorithms and other technologies, such as NLP, computer vision, and robotics, to perform tasks that traditionally require human intelligence.

AI is fueled by data, which is processed and analyzed to improve the system’s accuracy and performance. While there are still many challenges to be overcome in the field of AI, its potential benefits are enormous, and it is likely to play an increasingly important role in our lives in the years to come.

What is YourEngineer?

YourEngineer is the first Engineering Community Worldwide that focuses on spreading Awareness, providing Collaboration and building a focused Career Approach for Engineering Students.

Deep dive into upskilling with YourEngineer
Join millions like you

campus cover
  • Create an Account and Earn 1000 Coins
  • Pass a Quiz and Earn 20 Coins
  • Earn 10 Coins for Daily Visit 
  • Earn 50 Coins for invite someone to join a group
  • Earn 100 Coins for finishing a course